What You Must Know about Leukocytosis Disease



Leukocytosis is medical condition in which a person have too much white blood cell in count. White blood cells is a part from the immune system who protects against infection and disease. Each age group has a normal number of different white blood cells. Here is the normal amount of white blood cells per microliter of blood (cells / �L of blood) based on age level:
  • Newborn: 9,400 - 34,000
  • Toddler (3 - 5 years): 4,000 - 12,000
  • Youth (12-15 years): 3,500 - 9.000
  • Adult (15 years and above): 3,500 - 10,500

A person said  have leukocytosis if  have white blood cells with more number above normal.


Symptoms of Leukocytosis

The appearance of leukocytosis is usually characterized by symptoms such as:
  • Body feels weak, painful, and tired.
  • Fever, sweating, and dizziness.
  • There are bruising and bleeding.
  • Tingling in stomach, legs, and arms.
  • Loss of weight decreased and appetite.
  • Disorders in seeing, thinking, and breathing.

Causes of Leukocytosis

In general, leukocytosis is caused by the following factors:
  • Drug reactions that increase the production of white blood cells.
  • Increased production of white blood cells to fight infection.
  • Abnormalities of the immune system that increase the production of white blood cells.
  • Production of white blood cells is not normal due to disorders in the bone marrow.

The more specific causal factors are:

  • Allergies, especially severe allergies.
  • Bacterial and viral infections.
  • Tuberculosis and whooping cough.
  • Smoking habits and emotional problems such as stress.
  • Certain medications such as corticosteroids and epinephrine.
  • Chronic lymphatic leukemia and chronic myelogen leukemia.
  • Acute lymphatic leukemia and acute myelogenic leukemia.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, polycythemia vera, and myelofibrosis. 

 

Risk Factors Leukocytosis

The risk of leukocytosis may increase due to several factors below:
  • Reactions of the immune system, such as asthma or allergies.
  • Damage to tissues in the body.
  • Stress, infection, or inflammation.
  • Use of medicines to treat inflammation, mental disorders, cancer, or respiratory problems.

 

Diagnosis of Leukocytosis

To diagnose leukocytosis, your doctor will ask you a few things about the patient's medical history, the type of medication used, and whether the patient has allergies or not. Blood tests are also needed to determine the number and shape of the patient's white blood cells.

In addition to some of the above procedures, the doctor may examine the spinal cord of the patient to determine the cause of leukocytosis and treatment methods to be performed.

Treatment of Leukocytosis

Increased white blood cell count, can return to normal without treatment. For example in leukocytosis due to infection or because of drugs. However, if necessary, there are several treatment procedures that can be done to overcome the conditions that cause leukocytosis, including:
  • Drugs, to reduce inflammation or infection, as well as acid levels in the body and in the urine.
  • Intravenous infusion fluid, to increase fluid and electrolyte levels required by the body.
  • Leukapheresis, to reduce the number of white blood cells. The doctor will take the patient's blood, then the white blood cell content will be separated and removed, then the blood is put again into the body.

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